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While applying Periodontology Treatment, the following steps are followed;

The disease is diagnosed.

· The patient is informed about the existing disease.

Oral care cleaning is done by a periodontologist. If there is an inflamed tooth, this inflammation is cleared with the help of anesthesia.

· If there is an inflamed tooth or teeth, periodontologists apply the antibiotic treatment.

If the gingivitis has advanced, periodontology specialists remove the existing inflammatory process with local anesthesia and general surgery.

How is gum disease treated?

Periodontology is the branch of dentistry that deals with the loss of health of the tissues surrounding our teeth, namely the gums and the bones surrounding the tooth roots. In this department, the doctors who take their expertise work as periodontologists (periodontists). The periodontology department specializes in the hard and soft tissues surrounding the teeth. These tissues are very important for our oral and dental health. To prevent a problem in our teeth or an inflammation in our gums from progressing and negatively affecting our general body health, periodontologists first of all work to ensure the continuity of the healthy structure or the stopped progress by evaluating the results of the correct diagnosis and applying the necessary treatment.


The tissues around the teeth can be considered as gingiva, jawbone, and periodontal fibers that connect the teeth and jawbone. Types of gum disease may differ depending on which of the surrounding tissues of the tooth are affected by the infection. Gum diseases can be listed as follows;

· Gingivitis

These are the cases where the infection affects the gums. In this case, the gums bleed, and the teeth may appear red and swollen. The patient has bad breath. In cases where gingivitis is not treated, the infection may progress and lead to the development of gum diseases.


These are gum diseases in which the gum fibers and jawbone can also be affected, as well as the gums. The so-called “periodontal pocket”, which is a space where bacteria can easily settle, occurs between the tooth and the gingiva. The presence of a periodontal pocket causes the localization of the infection and the progression of the disease. As the disease progresses, the tissues that support the teeth are lost and the teeth begin to shake, as a result, the teeth may need to be extracted.

What are the main causes of gum disease?

The main cause of gum diseases is a layer called “microbial dental plaque”, which is a combination of food residues that cannot be cleaned and bacteria from saliva. Microbial dental plaque causes damage to the tissues around the teeth, causing gum diseases.

Conditions such as the use of tobacco and tobacco products, some diseases such as diabetes, leukemia, and aids, stress, drugs used in the treatment of some diseases, the use of certain drugs such as anticonvulsants, antidepressants, and oral contraceptives, and diet play an important role in the occurrence of gum diseases.

 If you have symptoms of gum disease, we welcome you to our Dentamedi Oral and Dental Health Clinic in Ataköy, Istanbul. You can also contact us over the phone.